To install Samba, we run:
sudo apt update sudo apt install samba
We can check if the installation was successful by running:
The following should be its output:
samba: /usr/sbin/samba /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/samba /etc/samba /usr/share/samba /usr/share/man/man8/samba.8.gz /usr/share/man/man7/samba.7.gz
Setting up Samba
Now that Samba is installed, we need to create a use and directory for it to share:
Add a user
# adduser roger Adding user `roger' ... Adding new group `roger' (1000) ... Adding new user `roger' (1000) with group `roger' ... Creating home directory `/home/roger' ... Copying files from `/etc/skel' ... New password: Retype new password: passwd: password updated successfully Changing the user information for roger Enter the new value, or press ENTER for the default Full Name : Roger Room Number : Work Phone : Home Phone : Other : Is the information correct? [Y/n] y
Add a directory to share (replace your username here).
The command above creates a new folder sambashare in our home directory which we will share later.
The configuration file for Samba is located at /etc/samba/smb.conf. To add the new directory as a share, we edit the file. Lets backup first.
cp /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf-bk
sudo nano /etc/samba/smb.conf
Workgroup- make sure Workgroup is the same for your Windows box.
workgroup = WORKGROUP
At the bottom of the file, add the following lines:
[sambashare] comment = Samba on Ubuntu path = /home/username/sambashare read only = no browsable = yes
Then press Ctrl-O to save and Ctrl-X to exit from the nano text editor.
What we’ve just added
comment: A brief description of the share.
path: The directory of our share.
read only: Permission to modify the contents of the share folder is only granted when the value of this directive is no.
browsable: When set to yes, file managers such as Ubuntu’s default file manager will list this share under “Network” (it could also appear as browseable).
Now that we have our new share configured, save it and restart Samba for it to take effect:
sudo service smbd restart
Update the firewall rules to allow Samba traffic:
sudo ufw allow samba
Setting up User Accounts and Connecting to Share
Since Samba doesn’t use the system account password, we need to set up a Samba password for our user account:
sudo smbpasswd -a username
Username used must belong to a system account, else it won’t save.
Connecting to Share
On Ubuntu: Open up the default file manager and click Connect to Server then enter:
On Windows, open up File Manager and edit the file path to:
Note: ip-address is the Samba server IP address and sambashare is the name of the share.
You’ll be prompted for your credentials. Enter them to connect!
Excellent Article here: https://tecadmin.net/mounting-samba-share-on-ubuntu/